Artist Martin Johnson Heade remembered as a genius
Dramatic landscapes, exotic subjects and vibrant colors all characterize the work of the once forgotten artist Martin Johnson Heade. Now recognized as one of the most important painters of the 19th century, Heade devoted equal time to landscape, marine and still-life subjects but is best known for his studies of tropical birds and flowers.
The Georgia Museum of Art at the University of Georgia is presenting the exhibition The Genius of Martin Johnson Heade through Sept. 10. Organized by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, the exhibition shows Heade's creative range of work, from an early folk portrait to a late magnolia still life. The Georgia Museum of Art does not have any works by Heade in its permanent collection.
Born in 1819 in Lumberville, Pennsylvania, Heade first studied art with folk artist Edward Hicks. From his rural beginnings in a town where his family ran the general store, he traveled to Rome, Chicago, New York City, Brazil, Nicaragua, Jamaica, Colombia and Panama. His close friend, artist Frederick Edwin Church, inspired his trips to South and Central America, but Heade's close-up views of tropical flora and fauna differed from Church's dramatic landscapes painted there. When Heade painted landscapes, he often focused on New England's salt marshes and seascapes.
Late in his life, he wrote of his travels south, "A few years after my first appearance in this breathtaking world , I was attacked by the all-absorbing hummingbird craze, and it has never left me since." His goal was to document the birds in an illustrated publication, much like John James Audubon's Birds of America, but he never managed to do so, although he painted more than 40 images for the project.
"This exhibition offers the museum the opportunity to closely examine Heade's lush use of color and his meticulous attention to detail from his New England beaches to his South American hummingbirds and orchids," said Sarah Kate Gillespie, the museum's curator of American art.
"This exhibition also contextualizes Heade's work amongst that of his contemporaries, allowing us to exhibit important artists we don't have represented in our permanent collection, such as Asher B. Durand and Fitz Henry Lane," she also said. "The conversations among these works and artists highlight Heade's skill and accomplishment."
Unlike many of these contemporaries, Heade was marginalized by the New York art world. For example, he was never offered membership in the National Academy of Design.
The museum has many programs related to the exhibition, including a public tour on July 19 at 2 p.m.; 90 Carlton: Summer, the museum's quarterly reception ($5, free for members of the Friends of the Georgia Museum of Art) on July 28 at 5:30 p.m.; and a Toddler Tuesday on Aug. 8 at 10 a.m. (space is limited; email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 706-542-0448 after July 1 to reserve a spot). All events are open free to the public unless otherwise indicated.